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Central America is a fascinating region in the world with colonial woes, great civilizations and modern day struggles. This beautifully landscaped region has mighty volcanoes, emerald-green mountains, thick jungles and gorgeous sandy white beaches. With so much to offer, Central America is yet to be fully discovered!

With the help of this helpful travel guide let’s explore Central America and unravel its several wonders. Book cheap flights to Central America with FlyOfinder today and unravel the treasures of this beautiful vacation hotspot!

Central America: Demography

Central America is a part of the North American continent, nestled between Mexico to the north and South America. It comprises of seven countries – Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.

Though Southern Mexico is linked to Central America in many ways, but it isn’t its part in any way. Central America is shaped as an isthmus with a total area of 524,000 square kilometers. The Pacific Ocean lies to its west, and the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico are to its east. This region is prone to earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions.

Major Highlights & Countries Located in Central America

Here are some of the major highlights of Central America. It is a great guide to plan your holiday in one of the Central American countries.

  • Central America boasts of spectacular beaches, grassy prairies, sweeping highlands and beautiful colonial cities
  • Volcanoes make for great mountain biking and hiking trails, and also the new sport of volcano surfing
  • Plenty of chic retreats created exclusively for wealthy foreign holidaymakers can be found along Costa Rica’s Nicoya Peninsula and the Emerald Coast in Nicaragua
  • Explore the 560-mile long Mesoamerican Barrier Reef, which is the world’s second largest coral reef system. It stretches from Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula down to Honduras 
  • Self-driving holidays are quite popular in countries like Costa Rica, Panama, Guatemala and El Salvador


Belize was formerly part of British Honduras from 1862 to 1973 (of which the last 9 years was as a self-governing colony). Few attractions are found in Belize City. These include a beach nearby Hopkins, Anglican cathedral and a history museum. Take a water-taxi to stay at one of its many cayes lying along the UNESCO-listed Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System. Some of the most popular festivals celebrated in Belize are Fiesta de Carnaval, or the Belize Carnival (February), Belize Lobster Festivals (June and July), Benque Viejo Del Carmen Fiesta (July), San Pedro International Costa Maya Festival (August), Deer Dance Festival (August)

Costa Rica

Costa Rica is often called as “The Switzerland of Central America”. Millions of tourists from around the world are attracted to Costa Rica because of its adventure tourism options such as horseback rides, hiking trails, mountain biking circuits, whitewater rivers, zip-lines and canopy walks. The country also abounds in coastal forest, beaches and national parks. Some popular festivals celebrated here are Fiestas Palmares (January), Envision Festival (February), Fiestas de los Diablitos (December and mid-February), Límon Carnival (October), Carnival of Desamparados (December)

El Salvador

El Salvador is sometimes referred to as the “Pompeii of the Americas” because of being covered in ash in 600 AD after the eruption of the Loma Caldera volcano. It is a small country with a turbulent history. It is renowned for its UNESCO World Heritage Site Joya de Cerén, which is the country’s main Mayan site. Popular festivals celebrated here are Panchimalco Flower and Palm Festival (May), Fiesta Julias (July), Fiestas Agostinas (August), Balls of Fire Festival (August), San Miguel Carnival (November)


Honduras is renowned for its Mayan site Copán, white sand beaches, coral reefs and bird watching. It’s a paradise for backpackers who come here for diving and snorkeling. This Central American nation is also famous for its golf courses, luxury lodges and top-notch seafood restaurants.


Guatemala is Central America’s most populated and culturally enthralling country. Its former capital Antigua Guatemala is known for its beautiful buildings dating to16th-18th centuries. Some of the major attractions worth visiting in Guatemala include Lake Atitlan, Chichicastenango, Volcán de Agua, Volcán Tajumulco and Mayan site Tikal. 


Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. The country faced turmoil in the past decades, but has successfully overcome it. Granada and Quainter León are its popular cities and major attraction for tourists. Nicaragua is famous for its colonial churches and a flourishing gastronomic scene. Emerald Coast and Lake Nicaragua are among its other attractions worth visiting.


Panama has many USPs which are not to be found anywhere else. This famous Central American country is well-known for its iconic Panama Canal, wildlife-rich Gatun Lake, and the Las Cruces and Soberanía national parks. Re-explore Panama through the wonderful 47.6-mile railway after taking a cruise. The country’s capital Panama City will delight you as it’s the most American-looking capital city of Latin America. Don’t forget to visit the historic district Casco Viejo.

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